Vascular Compression Syndromes

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Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome/ Wilkie’s syndrome/ Cast syndrome: Compression of the third part of duodenum between the SMA and the aorta, causing intestinal obstruction.

May-Thurner syndrome/ Iliac vein compression syndrome:
Left common iliac vein gets compressed by right common iliac artery around sacral promontory.

Nutcracker syndrome:
Compression of the left renal vein between superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and aorta.

Median arcuate ligament syndrome/ Celiac axis syndrome:
Compression of the celiac artery (T12) by the median arcuate ligament.

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